اثر سطوح ورمی‌کمپوست بر خصوصیات مورفولوژیک و غلظت عناصر در گیاه نخود (Cicer arietinum L. cv. Pirouz) تحت شرایط تنش آبی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته دکتری، گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم‌آباد، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم‌آباد، ایران.

3 دانشیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم‌آباد، ایران.

چکیده

کود آلی ورمی­ کمپوست می­تواند نقش مهمی در رشد و تغذیه گیاهان ایفا کند. استفاده از آن می­تواند اثرات منفی ناشی از تنش­های محیطی را کاهش دهد. در این راستا، به منظور بررسی اثر کود ورمی­ کمپوست برخصوصیات مورفولوژیکی و غلظت عناصر برگ و ریشه گیاه نخود (رقم پیروز) در شرایط تنش کم­آبی آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی با سه تکرار در دانشگاه صنعتی خاتم الانبیاء بهبهان به اجراء درآمد. دو فاکتور مورد آزمایش عبارت بودند: کود آلی ورمی کمپوست با 4 سطحشامل شاهد (بدون کاربرد ورمی کمپوست)، 10، 20 و 30 درصد و عامل کم­ آبی شامل بدون تنش کم ­آبی (100 درصد ظرفیت زراعی)، تنش کم­ آبی ملایم (75 درصد ظرفیت زراعی) و تنش کم ­آبی شدید (25 درصد ظرفیت زراعی) اعمال شد. نتایج نشان داد که در شرایط بدون تنش، کود ورمی ­کمپوست منجر به افزایش معنی­ دار تمامی صفات مورد بررسی شد. در شرایط تنش ملایم، کاربرد ورمی­ کمپوست به صورت معنی­داری ارتفاع بوته، تعداد برگ و غلاف در گیاه، وزن خشک ریشه، طول، سطح و حجم ریشه، غلظت پتاسیم و کلسیم در برگ و ریشه را افزایش داد. در شرایط تنش شدید، افزودن ورمی ­کمپوست به خاک منجر به افزایش معنی ­دار تعداد برگ و غلاف در گیاه، قطر ریشه، غلظت پتاسیم و کلسیم در برگ و ریشه شد. بر طبق نتایج این مطالعه، استفاده از مخلوط کود ورمی­ کمپوست و خاک به منظور بهبود شرایط تنش کم­آبی توصیه می­شود.

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