Abedi Baba-Arabi, S., Movahhedi Dehnavi, M., Yadavi, A.R., Adhami, E., 2011. Effects of Zn and K foliar application on physiological traits and yield of spring safflower under drought stress. Electronic Journal of Crop Production. 4(1), 75-95. [In Persian with English Summary].
Abel, G.H., 1969. An analysis of yield components in safflower. Research Conference. Proc. Brd. University of California, Davis. Pp. 18-22.
Amani Lari, Sh., 2011. Study some physiological aspects of different safflower cultivars at drought stress condition. MSc dissertation, Faculty of Agriculture, the University of Zanjan, Iran. [In Persian with English Summary].
Bagheri, A., Yazdi-Samadi, B., Taeb, M., Ahmadi, M.R., 2001. Study of correlation and relation between plant yield and other quantitative and qualitative traits in safflower, Iranian Journal of Agricultural Science. 32(2), 295-307. [In Persian with English Summary].
Baghkhani, F., Farahbakhsh, H., 2008. Effects of drought stress on seed yeild and some physiological traits of three spring safflower cultivars. Agricultural Research: Water, Soil and plant in agriculture. 8(2), 57-45. [In Persian with English Summary].
Berahmand, A.A., Ghafarian Panahi, A.H., Sahabi, H., Feizi, P., Rezvani Moghaddam, P., Shahtahmassebi, N., Fotovat, A., Karimpour H., Gallehgir, O., 2012. Effects of silver nanoparticles and magnetic field on growth of fodder maize (Zea mays L.), Biological Trace Element Research. 149, 419 – 424.
Bowen, P., Menzies, J., Ehert, D., Samuel, L., Glass, A.D.M., 1992. Soluble silicon sprays inhibit powdery development in grape leaves, Journal of American Society of Horticultural Science. 117, 906-912.
Daju, L., Mundel, H., 1996. Saffower (Carthamus tinctoriusL). Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. IPGCPR, Catersleben, IPGRI, Rome, Italy. 83pp.
Farokhinia, M., Roshdi, M., Pasban Eslam, B., Sasan Dost, R., 2011. Evaluation of some physiological characteristics and yield of spring safflower under water stress condition. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science. 43(3), 545-553. [In Persian with English Summary].
Farooq, M., Wahid, A., Kobayashi, N., Fujita, D., Basra, S.M., 2009. Plant drought stress: effects, mechanisms and management. Agronomy for Sustainable Development. 29(1), 212-185.
Fathian, Sh., Ehsanzadeh, P., 2012. Relationship of some physiological traits with yield of spring safflower under two irrigation regimes. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science. 43(3), 649-659. [In Persian with English Summary].
Feizi, H., Moghaddam, P.R., Shahtahmassebi, N., Fotovat, A., 2012. Biological Trace Element Research. 146, 101-106.
Gao, F.Q., Hong, F.S, Liu, C., Zheng, L., Su, M.Y., Wu. X., Yang, F., Wu, C., Yang, P., 2006. Mechanism of nanoanatase TiO2 on promoting photosynthetic carbon reaction of spinach: inducing complex of Rubisco–Rubisco activase. Biological Trace Element Research. 11(1-3), 239-254.
Chao, S.H.L., Choi, H.S., 2005. Method for Providing Enhanced Photosynthesis. Korea Research Institute of Chemical and Technical Technology, Jeonju. South Korea
Jaberzadeh, A., Moaveni, P., Tohidi Moghadam, H., Moradi, A., 2010. Effect of nano titanium dioxide particles spraying on some agronomy traits of wheat under drought stress condition. Crop Ecophysiology. 2(4), 259-301. [In Persian with English Summary].
Hashemi-Dezfouli, A. 1994. Growth and yield of safflower as affected by drought stress, Crop Research Hisar. 7, 313- 319.
Hong, F., Zhou, J., Liu, C., Yang, F., Wu, C., Zheng, L., Yang, P., 2005. Effects of Nano-TiO2 on photochemical reaction of chloroplasts of Spinach, Biological Trace Element Research. 105, 269-279.
Kafi, M., Rostami, M., 2007. Effect of drought stress on yield, yield components and oil content of three safflower genotypes in reproductive stage in irrigation with saline water. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research. 5(1), 121-131. [In Persian with English Summary].
Kafi, M., Borzoie, A., Salehi, M., Kamandi, A., Nabati, J., 2008. Physiology of Environmental Stresses in Plants. Mashhad Jahad-e- daneshgahi press. 502p.
Lu, C.M., Zhang, C.Y., Wu, J.Q., Tao, M.X., 2002. Research of the effect of nanometer on germination and growth enhancement of Glycine max and its mechanism. Soybean Science. 21, 168-172.
Omidi, A.H., 2009. Effect of drought stress at different growth stages on seed yeild and some agro-physiological traits of three spring safflower cultivars. Seed Plant Production Journal. 25, 15-31. [In Persian with English Summary].
Omidi–Tabrizi, A.H., 1998. Correlation between traits and path analysis for grain and oil yield in spring safflower, Seed and Plant Improvement Institute. Karaj. Iran. Pp. 36-45.
Mingyu, S., Hong F., Liu, C., Wu, X., Liu, X., Chen, L., 2007. Effects of nano-anataseTiO2 on absorption, distribution of light and photo reduction activities of chloroplast membrane of spinach, Biological Trace Element Research. 118, 120–130.
Mohammadi, R., Maali-Amiri R., Abbasi, A., 2013. Effect of TiO2 Nanoparticles on Chickpea Response to Cold Stress, Biological Trace Element Research. 152, 403–410.
Nair, R., Varghese, S.H., Nair, B.G., Maekawa, T., Yoshida, Y., Sakthi Kumar, D., 2010. Nano particulate material delivery to plants. Plant Science. 179, 154–163.
Padmaja, G., Tejovathi, G., Anwar, S.Y., 1983. Anatomical studies on certain in- itro induced abnormal variants in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Phytomorphology. 40, 233-241.
Pais, I., 1983. The biological importance of titanium. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 6, 3-131.
Pasban Eslam, B., 2010. Effect of drought stress on seed yeild and oil yeild of autumn safflower cultivars. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science. 42(2), 275- 283. [In Persian with English Summary].
Qi, M., Liu, Y., Li, T., 2013. Nano-TiO2 improve the photosynthesis of tomato leaves under mild heat stress. Biological Trace Element Research. 156, 323-328.
Rahimi Malekshan, F., Tavakoli, A., Rastgoo, M., Azimi, M.R., 2013. Effect of petals harvesting time on seed and petal yield in the cultivars of spring safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Iranian Journal of Medical and Aromatic Plants. 30(6), 852-860. [In Persian with English Summary].
Rezaie Soukht Abandani, R., Ramezani, R., 2010. Effect of irrigation period and nitrogen fertilizer on growth physiological index and yield of forage corn (hybrid s.c 704) in Mazandaran provinceconditions. Journal of Crop Physiology. 2(3), 19- 44. [In Persian with English Summary].
Richards, R.A., Rebetzke, G.J., Condon, A.G, Van Herwaarden, A.F., 2002. Breeding opportunities for increasing the efficiency of water use and crop yield in temperate cereals. Crop Science. 42, 111-121.
Rostami, M., 2004. Effects of last season drought stress on yield and physiological traits of wheat cultivars and determine the best index of drought resistance. MSc dissertation, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran. [In Persian with English Summary].
Scott, N., Chen, H., 2013. Nanoscale Science and Engineering for Agriculture and Food Systems. Industrial Biotechnology. 9(1), 17-18.
Shi, H., Magayer, R., Castranova, V., Zhao, J., 2013. Titanium dioxide nanoparticles: a review of current toxicological data. Retrieved October 5, 2015, from http://www.particleandfibretoxicology.com
Siddiqui, M., Al-Whaibi, M., 2013. Role of nano-SiO2 in germination of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum seeds Mill.). Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 21, 13-17.
Soltani, M., Moaveni, P., Noori, H., 2013. The effect of foliar application of nanoparticles of titanium dioxide on yield and antioxidant enzyme activities in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) Journal of Plant Ecophysiology Research, Special Issue, 78-88. [In Persian with English Summary].
Tavakoli, A., 2002. Effect of water withdrow at different growth stages on safflower yield, yield components and oil yield. MSc dissertation, Faculty of Agriculture, the University of Tehran, Iran. [In Persian with English Summary].
Yang, F., Hong, F., You, W., Liu, C., Gao, F., Wu, C., Yang, P. 2006. Influence of nanoanatase TiO2 on the nitrogen metabolism of growing spinach, Biological Trace Element Research. 110(2), 179-190.
Zeinali, E. 1999. Safflower: Characteristics, Production and Utilization. Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Press. [In Persian].
Zhang, M., Sheng, G., Fu, J., An, T., Wang, X., Hu, X., 2005. Novel preparation of nanosized zno–sno2 with high photocatalytic activity by homogeneous co-precipitation method. Materials Letters. 59, 3641-3644.
Zheng, L., Hong, F., Lu, S., Liu, C., 2005. Effect of nano-TiO2 on strength of naturally aged seeds and growth of Spinach, Biological Trace Element Research. 105, 83-91.