ارزیابی کاربرد و زمان مصرف اسیدآمینه گلایسین روی رشد، عملکرد اندام های رویشی و فعالیت آنتی اکسیدانی گیاه دارویی زوفا (.(Hyssopus officinalis L) تحت شرایط مختلف آبیاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه زراعت،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد دامغان، دامغان

2 گروه کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد دامغان، دامغان

3 بخش تحقیقات اصلاح و تهیه نهال و بذر، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان یزد، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، یزد

4 استادیار، مرکز ملی تحقیقات شوری، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، یزد، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور ارزیابی کاربرد و زمان مصرف اسید‌آمینه گلایسین روی رشد، عملکرد و فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی گیاه دارویی زوفا (Hyssopus officinalis L.) تحت شرایط مختلف آبیاری، آزمایشی به‌صورت اسپلیت‌پلات فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در سال زراعی 96- 1395 در مزرعه‌ی تحقیقاتی مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان یزد انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل رژیم‌های آبیاری در سه سطح آبیاری 25، 50 و 75 درصد تخلیه آب قابل‌دسترس گیاه از خاک، به ترتیب شاهد، تنش متوسط، تنش شدید به‌عنوان تیمار اصلی و تیمارهای الف: محلول‌پاشی در دو سطح آب مقطر (شاهد) و اسیدآمینه گلایسین (2.5 در هزار) و ب: زمان محلول‌پاشی (رویشی و گلدهی، گلدهی) به‌عنوان کرت‌های فرعی در نظر گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد تیمارهای مختلف آبیاری باعث کاهش صفت‌های تعداد شاخه جانبی، تعداد برگ، عملکرد وزن تر، عملکرد وزن خشک و فنل کل گردید اما میزان آنتوسیانین افزایش پیدا کرد. بین تیمارهای زمان محلول پاشی در صفات مورد ارزیابی، اختلاف معنی‌داری مشاهده نگردید. بررسی اثرات متقابل نشان داد که ترکیب تیمارهای آبیاری شاهد و محلول-پاشی با گلایسین، باعث افزایش ارتفاع و تعداد شاخه جانبی شد. همچنین این ماده در ترکیب با تیمارهای آبیاری سطوح تنش متوسط و تنش شدید باعث افزایش تعداد برگ، عملکرد وزن تر و خشک گیاه، نسبت به شاهد شد. نتایج بررسی حاضر گویای آن بود که کاربرد خارجی اسیدآمینه گلایسین علاوه بر کاهش خسارات ناشی از کمبود آب را در گیاه، منجر به افزایش توانایی گیاه برای بهبود رشد و بالابردن عملکرد نیز شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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