تأثیر کاربرد بیوچار، پرایمینگ و محلول‌پاشی با آب و سالیسیلیک اسید بر عملکرد و صفات فیزیولوژیکی گلرنگ در شرایط دیم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه شناسایی و مبارزه با علف‌های هرز، باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد اراک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تاثیر مصرف بیوچار و پرایمینگ بذر و محلول‌پاشی با آب و سالیسیلیک اسید بر صفات فیزیولوژیکی و عملکرد روغن گلرنک در شرایط دیم، آزمایشی بصورت کرت‌های دوبار خرد شده در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در سال زراعی 96-1395 در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اراک اجرا شد. عوامل مورد آزمایش شامل بیوچار حاصل از چوب، شاخه و برگ درختان در سه سطح عدم مصرف، 5 و10 تن در هکتار، پرایمینگ بذر در سه سطح بدون پرایمینگ، پرایمینگ بذر با آب مقطر و پرایمینگ بذر با 0.5 میلی مولار سالیسیلیک اسید و محلول‌پاشی در دو سطح محلول‌پاشی با آب و یک میلی-مولار سالیسیلیک اسید بودند. نتایج نشان داد که مصرف 5 تن در هکتار بیوچار و پرایمینگ بذر با سالیسیلیک اسید میزان آب حفظ شده برگ را نسبت به شاهد به میزان 24.9 درصد افزایش داد. کاربرد 5 تن در هکتار بیوچار میزان نشت یونی سلول را نسبت به شاهد به میزان 15 درصد کاهش و عملکرد روغن را نسبت به شاهد 20 درصد افزایش داد. مصرف 10 تن در هکتار بیوچار و پرایمینگ با سالیسیلیک اسید نسبت به شاهد محتوای کلروفیل a را 43.4 درصد افزایش داد. بیشترین محتوای کارتنوئید‌ها از کاربرد 5 تن در هکتار بیوچار توأم با محلول‌پاشی با آب حاصل شد. با مصرف 5 تن در هکتار بیوچار وزن خشک گل نسبت به شاهد 27 درصد افزایش نشان داد. نتایج نشان داد با مصرف 5 تن در هکتار بیوچار توأم با پرایمینگ و محلول‌پاشی با آب یا پرایمینگ توأم با محلول‌پاشی با سالیسیلیک اسید صفات فیزیولوژیکی و عملکرد روغن بهبود یافت.

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