ارزیابی عملکرد و کارایی مصرف آب گیاه دارویی چای ترش (.Hibiscus sabdariffa L) تحت تاثیر منابع مختلف تغدیه‌ای و رژیم‌های آب آبیاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه جیرفت

2 استاد دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تأثیر منابع مختلف تغذیه‌ای و رژیم‌های مختلف آب آبیاری بر عملکرد و کارایی مصرف آب گیاه چای ترش، آزمایشی به صورت کرت‌های خرد شده نواری در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در دو سال زراعی92-1391 و 93-1392 در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه جیرفت اجرا شد. سطوح مختلف آب آبیاری در سه سطح 60 ، 80 و 100 درصد نیاز آبی گیاه به‌عنوان فاکتور کرت‌های افقی و منبع تغذیه‌ی گیاه در 4 سطح (کود زیستی مایکوریزا، ورمی‌کمپوست، کود گاوی ، کود شیمیایی و تیمار شاهد) به‌عنوان فاکتور کرت‌های عمودی مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. نتایج تجزیه واریانس مرکب طی دوسال آزمایش نشان داد که اثر منابع مختلف تغذیه‌ای و سطوح مختلف آب آبیاری بر تعداد غوزه در بوته، وزن کاسبرگ در بوته، عملکرد کاسبرگ، عملکرد دانه، عملکرد زیست توده و کارایی مصرف آب گیاه معنی‌دار بود. بیشترین وزن کاسبرگ خشک در سطح 100 درصد نیاز آبی گیاه (1248 کیلوگرم در هکتار) و منبع تغذیه‌ای کود گاوی و کمترین عملکرد وزن کاسبرگ در تیمار شاهد در سطح 60 درصد نیاز آبی (510 کیلوگرم در هکتار) گیاه مشاهده شد. همچنین بین سطح 100 و 80 درصد نیاز آبی گیاه در اکثر صفات اندازه‌گیری شده تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود نداشت به‌نظر می‌رسد که سطح 80 درصد نیاز آبی گیاه به‌ترتیب بهمراه مصرف کودهای دامی، ورمی‌کمپوست و شیمیایی در زراعت چای ترش مطلوب می‌باشند.

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